Vyazniki District

The Vyazniki district is located in the north-eastern part of the Vladimir region. Through the southern outskirts of Vyazniki runs a section of the Moscow-Kazan federal highway M-7. The population of the district is 70,245 people (2018). The administrative center is the city of Vyazniki, with a population of 35,865 people (2018). The Vyazniki district was formed on April 10, 1929 as part of the Ivanovo Industrial Region. Since August 14, 1944, the Vyazniki District has been part of the Vladimir Region. In October 2001, the city of Vyazniki and the Vyazniki district were merged into one municipality "Vyazniki District", which in May 2005 was granted the status of a municipal district.

By the beginning of the 18th century, Vyazniki became the center of the flax and linen industry, which supplied canvas for the the fleet, emerging under Peter the Great.  In the last third of the 19th century, half of the urban population worked in 8 large linen and linen-weaving Elizarovs’, Demidovs’ and Senkovs’ factories in Vyazniki. Local entrepreneurs traded flax products in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev, Odessa and other cities, and even exported it abroad.

In the 19th century, the village of Mstera, famous for the skill of icon painters, embroiderers of white satin-stitch, jewelers, became a well-known center of folk art crafts in Russia.

The Vyazniki district is the birthplace of the famous poet-songwriter A. I. Fatyanov and landscape painter F. A. Modorov.

Today the largest association in the industry producing linen technical fabrics has been preserved in Vyazniki.  The production of automotive lighting equipment, seat belts and spare parts for motor and tractor production is located in the district center. There is an experimental cannery, production of mineral water and drinks based on it, an innovative production of plastic cases and contract labor-intensive assembly of complex electronics was put into operation.

The basic sectors of the economy of Mstera are formed by industries that develop folk arts and crafts: CJSC "Mstera Jeweler", LLC PC "Center of the Traditional Lacquer Miniature". Unique products from cotton, linen, batiste, decorated with patterns of white and colored satin-stitch, until recently, produced the company LLC "Mstera Embroidery". The icon painting workshop "Mstera Art" operates. It is not surprising, therefore, that almost half of the inhabitants of the village are artists working in one or another areas of traditional crafts. Vast expositions of the Mstera Museum of Art give a vivid idea of ​​the diverse art of Mstera.

In addition, such trades and types of arts and crafts as rug weaving (Stepantsevo settlement), blacksmithing, withy weaving and manufacture of birch-bark wares, wood and white stone carving, making clay toys and folk dolls, patchwork, lacework are developed in the Vyazniki district. The main organizations are the House of Folk Art of Vyazniki, the Lucknov House of Folk Art, etc.

Crafts and trades
Clay toy
Based on the study of materials about the ancient craft, factory masters were able to create a unique style of modern clay toys.
Blacksmith craft
Today, blacksmithing craftsmen are rare. But nevertheless, forges that are engaged in manual forging are preserved.
Wood carving
Argunovo carving. Morden masters of wood carving.
Mstera lacquer miniature
The Mstera lacquer miniature is original according to the writing technique, the method of creating artistic images and is attributed to the products of folk art crafts.
Birch-bark wares
Since ancient times, the manufacture of birch bark products was an important folk craft in Russia, where birch was one of the common tree species.
Metal art
Masters use the technique of filigree, which required patience and accuracy in creating patterns from individual parts of twisted copper or silver wire.
Embroidery in the technique of " white satin-stitch ", "Vladimir seam".
Ceremonial dolls